Dental Health During Pregnancy
Why Dental Health Is Important During Pregnancy
Maintaining good dental health during pregnancy is crucial for both the mother and the baby. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can increase the risk of certain dental problems, and poor dental health has been linked to premature birth and low birth weight. Here are some reasons why dental health is important during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, the body goes through hormonal changes that can cause gums to become more sensitive to bacteria and gum disease. Gum disease can cause swelling, redness, and tenderness, and can lead to tooth loss if untreated. Additionally, research has shown that untreated gum disease during pregnancy can lead to preterm birth and low birth weight.
Pregnancy can also increase the risk of tooth decay. Pregnancy can cause changes in eating habits, such as cravings for sugary foods, which can lead to the build-up of bacteria that cause tooth decay. Additionally, nausea during pregnancy causes some women to change their oral care routine, and morning sickness can cause acid reflux, which erodes tooth enamel and leads to cavities.
Pregnancy tumors, also known as pyogenic granulomas, are non-cancerous growths on the gums that affect 2-10% of pregnant women. These tumors can be painful and bleed easily. They are not harmful to the mother or baby but can be uncomfortable and unsightly.
Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition in which women experience high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. High blood sugar levels can increase the expectant mother’s risk of developing oral infections, gum disease, tooth decay, dry mouth, and fungal infections. Diabetes may also lead to poor healing of oral tissues after oral surgery or a dental procedure
What Pregnant Women Need to Know
Dental health is crucial during pregnancy for both the mother and the baby. Taking care of your dental health during pregnancy can reduce the risk of potentially serious complications.
- Schedule regular dental checkups.
- Inform your dentist that you are pregnant, or planning to get pregnant.
- Provide your dentist with the names and dosages of all medicines and supplements you’re taking.
- Maintain good dental hygiene.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Tell your dentist and primary healthcare professional if you’re craving ice, paste, or dirt.
- Avoid sugary and acidic foods and drinks.
- Treat dental problems promptly.
“Please don’t delay regular checkups or dental treatment because you are pregnant,” states Dr. Amin Uddin. “Our skilled staff are committed to working with you to provide comfortable, effective care that improves your health and the health of your baby.”
– Amin Uddin, DDS
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